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[citation needed] This reckoning makes year 598/597 BC, the year Zedekiah was installed by Nebuchadnezzar according to Judah's Tishri-based calendar, to be year "one," so that the fall of Jerusalem in his eleventh year would have been in year 588/587 BC, i.e. Zedekiah and his followers attempted to escape, making their way out of the city, but were captured on the plains of Jericho, and were taken to Riblah. They were buried in the land of their captors. Egypt, concerned about the new threat, moved northward to support Assyria. Jerusalem fell within three months. The Jews held that Zedekiah was a righteous person from the outset and did not blame him for what happened. Nebuchadnezzar was well-acquainted with Jewish customs and knew that Jews were loathe to break a vow taken with God’s name. A king of his own choice he appointed in the city (and) taking the vast tribute he brought it into Babylon."[8]. They then stationed an army contingent waiting nearby to see who if anyone would come out of it. Nebuchadnezzar not only took the king, but 10,000 people, including leading sages, prophets and community workers. They convinced him to break his vow and rebel against Nebuchadnezzar. That is why he continued encouraging people to come to their senses. However, before long Gedaliah was assassinated, and the population that was left in the land and those that had returned fled to Egypt for safety (2 Kings 25:26, Jeremiah 43:5–7) In Egypt, they settled in Migdol, Tahpanhes, Noph, and Pathros. It shows, quite plainly, that the reforms made under his rule were not a complete turning away from sin and fully devoting to God. In a different age, they would have written a book about him called, “Why Bad Things Happen to Good People.” Even though he did things that were wrong (II Kings 24:19), he was a very idealistic, moral and ultimately righteous person. Zedekiah[a] (/ˌzɛdɪˈkaɪə/) also known as Tzidkiyahu originally called Mattanyahu or Mattaniah, was the twentieth and last king of Judah before the destruction of the kingdom by King Nebuchadnezzar II of Babylon. The great empire of Assyria ruled nearly all that part of the world; but now it … Since Judean regnal years were measured from Tishri in the fall, this would place the end of his reign and the capture of the city in the summer of 586 BC. The Judean people could stay on the land, manage their affairs and keep the Temple running, but they had to pay taxes, swear allegiance to the king of Babylon and, worst of all, do whatever the Babylonians said when it came to foreign policy. We may gain some better understanding of this disaster if we summarize the cataclysmic events that preceded it. Accession counting was the rule for most, but not all, of the kings of Judah, whereas "non-accession" counting was the rule for most, but not all, of the kings of Israel.[1][11]. On the outside, they had to rejoice and act as good Babylonians. When it became obvious that they had been wrong, he, his sons, his personal body guards, some of his army officers escaped through the tunnel. During this siege, which lasted about thirty months,[9] "every worst woe befell the city, which drank the cup of God's fury to the dregs" (2 Kings 25:3; Lamentations 4:4, 5, 9). He encamped against the city of Judah and on the second day of the month Adar he captured the city (and) seized (its) king. The kings and generals of the defeated army were summarily executed. Tradition teaches that Nebuchadnezzar died on the 25th day of the month of Adar, and on 26th, the very next day, Evil-Merodoch – who, according to various opinions, was his son, nephew or grandson — took office. The next king from the House of David to sit on the throne will be the Messiah. Even if the end was inevitable they should not rebel. King Josiah attempted to block the Egyptian forces, and fell mortally wounded in battle at Megiddo. At the end of Zedekiah's eleven-year reign, Nebuchadnezzar succeeded in capturing Jerusalem. When Babylon rose against Assyria it caused upheavals that led to the destruction of Judah. That event took place eleven years before the destruction of the Temple. Nevertheless, perhaps that goes toward helping explain somewhat the terrible tragedy that befell Zedekiah and his generation. The previous Judean king, Jehoiachin, had been taken into captivity by the king of Babylon, Nebuchadnezzar. As required, they attended the lavish event wearing white clothing, which were considered a sign of celebration. Consequently, even until the very end Jeremiah held out hope that his worst prophecies could be averted. Zedekiah’s original name was Mattaniah. “The fathers ate sour grapes and the children’s teeth are damaged (Ezekiel 18:2).” In other words, as part of their inheritance they were doomed. Copyright © JewishHistory.com & The Destiny Foundation. That made Zedekiah the last king from the House of David. Here, however, he was more malevolent, because he felt personally betrayed by Zedekiah’s breaking of the oath. The Kings of Judah. Gedaliah, with a Chaldean guard stationed at Mizpah, was made governor to rule over the remnant of Judah, the Yehud Province (2 Kings 25:22–24, Jeremiah 40:6–8). One … The city was plundered and razed to the ground. Organized in chronological orders of their reigns. Under good circumstances, the Babylonian tyrant was less than a magnanimous winner. The problem has been to determine the year. Nevertheless, in his reign the destruction of the Temple occurred. On the tenth day of the month of Tammuz in the year 586 BCE they breached the walls and on the ninth day of the month of Av, about a month later, they burned the Temple to the ground. It took great courage to free him, but the righteous Zedekiah did so. Zedekiah was the last king of Judah. Then on the 27th of Adar, he freed Jehoiachin and Zedekiah from prison. The Kings of Judah were the monarchs who ruled over the ancient Kingdom of Judah.According to the biblical account, this kingdom was founded after the death of Saul, when the tribe of Judah elevated David to rule over it. THE DAVIDIC KINGS OF JUDAH 930 – 30AD to Eternity • Historical Books Charts List. He was going tell king and countryman alike that the end was imminent. Zedekiah's reign ended with the siege and fall of Jerusalem to Nebuchadnezzar II, which has been dated to 587 or 586 BC.[2]. There, after seeing his sons put to death, his own eyes were put out, and, being loaded with chains, he was carried captive to Babylon (2 Kings 25:1–7; 2 Chronicles 36:12; Jeremiah 32:4–5; 34:2–3; 39:1–7; 52:4–11; Ezekiel 12:13), where he remained a prisoner until he died. The prophet Jeremiah was vehemently against these machinations. Solomon's Temple was destroyed. If the Temple was going to get destroyed it would have been more understandable if it happened in a generation like Manasseh’s. After the fall of Jerusalem, Nebuzaradan was sent to destroy it. The last king of Judea was Zedekiah. It did take long, however, for Zedekiah to rebel. Zedekiah could have protested such behavior, but did not. There is no dispute about the month: it was the summer month of Tammuz (Jeremiah 52:6). When Zedekiah and his entourage emerged they were all captured. [1] It was like having unreligious “rabbis.” The Temple service had become so second nature to them that they did it even though they did not necessarily believe the principles behind it all. Almost until our time, there were markers in Babylon (modern day Iraq), near the city of Baghdad, that claimed to be the tombs of the Judean kings who died there. Jeconiah was deposed by Nebuchadnezzar, who installed Zedekiah, Jeconiah's uncle, in his place. Zedekiah was guilty of sins of omission rather than ones of commission. Nevertheless, the tradition of visiting the graves was recorded as a custom in the Babylonian-Jewish community. With the revolt of the 10 Northern tribes, two kingdoms were formed: the Kingdom of Israel in the north and the Kingdom of Judah in the south. Historically there has been considerable controversy over the date when Jerusalem was captured the second time and Zedekiah's reign came to an end. It was not idolatry, murder or adultery – the classic sins that the Talmud describes as the cause for the destruction of the First Temple. Nebuchadnezzar responded by invading Judah (2 Kings 25:1). He promptly removed the body of Nebuchadnezzar from his grave and dragged it through the streets. It would have made more sense that these things should have happened to someone like King Manasseh during his reign. 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