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Distribution: Mexico, Central and South America. The plant possesses an unusual amount of the flavanol (-)-mesquitol in its heartwood. A mature plant can produce hundreds The angaraji and vilayati names mean they were introduced by Europeans, while Kabuli kikar (or keekar) means "Kabul acacia"; babul specifically refers to Acacia nilotica and khejra (or khejri) to Prosopis cineraria, both of which are native to South Asia. [15], In Australia, mesquite has colonized more than 800,000 hectares of arable land, having severe economic and environmental impacts. Livestock which consume excessive amounts of seed pods are poisoned due to neurotoxic alkaloids. Scientific Name. It can fix Nitrogen. [14], Prosopis juliflora has become an invasive weed in several countries where it was introduced. [19] In Kenya it is called Mathenge. Desmanthus salinarum (Vahl) Steud. ", "Factsheet: Prosopis juliflora (prosopis or mesquite)", Long-thorn Kiawe | Hawaii Invasive Species Council, Prosopis juliflora (mesquite) - CABI Invasive Species Compendium, Long-thorn Kiawe | Kauai Invasive Species Committee (KISC), Prosopis juliflora (Fabaceae) | Hawaiian Ecosystems at Risk, Prosopis juliflora | Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk | Hawaiian Ecosystems at Risk, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Prosopis_juliflora&oldid=987734505, Articles containing Spanish-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2018, Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 8 November 2020, at 22:38. var. [10], In the Macará Canton of Ecuador, Prosopis juliflora can be found in dry forests where it is one of the species most frequently harvested for multiple forest products. [17], Prosopis juliflora has a wide range of vernacular names, although no widely used English one except for mesquite, which is used for several species of Prosopis. It has become established as an invasive weed in Africa, Asia, Australia and elsewhere. A very generic term that has been applied to this species is simply “mesquite”—though in the United States, the term usually refers to Honey Mesquite. The species has variable thorniness, with nearly thornless individuals appearing occasionally. Mohan (1884, in Raizada and Chatterji, 1954) refers to 'cashaw', the common name for P. juliflora used only in Jamaica, and suggests that this may have been the origin of this introduction of Prosopis to India. The tree is known by a range of other names in various parts of the world, including algarrobe, cambrón, cashaw, épinard, mesquite, mostrenco, or mathenge. [4], Growing to a height of up to 12 metres (39 ft), P. juliflora has a trunk diameter of up to 1.2 metres (3.9 ft). Sapwood tends to be narrow and is a pale yellow color. It is considered a noxious invader in Ethiopia, Hawaii, Sri Lanka, Jamaica, Kenya, the Middle East, India, Nigeria, Sudan, Somalia, Senegal and Southern Africa.It is also a major weed in the southwestern United States. The tree is believed to have existed in the Vanni and Mannar regions for a long time[citation needed]. With its thorns and many low branches it forms impenetrable thickets which prevent cattle from accessing watering holes, etc. Grain tends to be straight or wavy. This species has thorns in pairs at the nodes. Fluorescence: A Secret Weapon in Wood Identification, Bow Woods (from a mathematical perspective), Brazilian Rosewood, East Indian, and Other Rosewoods, Genuine Lignum Vitae and Argentine Lignum Vitae, BOOK: WOOD! [3] It is a contributing factor to continuing transmission of malaria, especially during dry periods when sugar sources from native plants are largely unavailable to mosquitoes. Seeds are spread by cattle and other animals, which consume the seed pods and spread the seeds in their droppings.[6]. Acacia cumanensis Willd., Acacia juliflora (Sw.) Willd., Acacia salinarum (Vahl) DC.,Algarobia juliflora (Sw.) Heynh., Algarobia juliflora as defined by George Bentham refers only to the typical variety, Prosopis juliflora var. Growth Rate: 24 … [9], The sweet pods are edible and nutritious, and have been a traditional source of food for indigenous peoples in Peru, Chile and California. Synonyms. Prosopis juliflora mesquite Prosopis kuntzei . The mesquites ( Prosopis spp.) [16], In Sri Lanka this mesquite was planted in the 1950s near Hambantota as a shade and erosion control tree. Has Deciduous foliage. Prosopis juliflora has a wide range of vernacular names, although no widely used English one except for mesquite, which is used for several species of Prosopis. The flowers are in 5–10 cm long green-yellow cylindrical spikes, which occur in clusters of 2 to 5 at the ends of branches. Common Name(s): Prosopis juliflora, Mesquite. Common Name(s): Prosopis juliflora, Mesquite, Distribution: Mexico, Central and South America, Tree Size: 50-65 ft (15-20 m) tall, 4 ft (1.2 m) trunk diameter, Average Dried Weight: 50 lbs/ft3 (800 kg/m3), Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC): .63, .80, Modulus of Rupture: 16,750 lbf/in2 (115.5 MPa), Elastic Modulus: 1,759,000 lbf/in2 (12.13 GPa), Crushing Strength: 9,760 lbf/in2 (67.3 MPa), Shrinkage: Radial: 4.6%, Tangential: 8.1%, Volumetric: 12.6%, T/R Ratio: 1.8. Color/Appearance: Heartwood tends to be a yellowish brown to dark brown, which darkens with age. Prosopis juliflora (Sw.) DC. [12], The species' uses also include forage, wood and environmental management. It is native to Mexico, South America and the Caribbean. VELVET MESQUITE, ARIZONA MESQUITE. Sirmah Peter, Dumarcay Stephane, Masson Eric and Gerardin Philippe, Natural Product Research, Volume 23, Number 2, January 2009 , pp. Other similar names are also used, including bayahonde, bayahonda and bayarone, but these may also refer to any other Neotropical member of the genus Prosopis. "Velvet mesquite" is sometimes given as an English name, but properly refers to a different species, Prosopis velutina.[5]. Flowers appear shortly after leaf development. Prosopis juliflora Taxonomy ID: 13230 (for references in articles please use NCBI:txid13230) current name Width: 30 feet. The tree reproduces solely by way of seeds, not vegetatively. Common Name: Mesquite Family: Fabaceae Juss. Are Rosewoods (and Bubinga) really banned by CITES? Odor: Prosopis juliflora is said to have a fragrant odor while being worked. Scientific name. It is also a major weed in the southwestern United States. Prosopis laevigata smooth mesquite Prosopis nigra algarrobo negro Prosopis pallida ... can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Average Dried Weight: 50 lbs/ft 3 (800 kg/m 3) Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC):.63, .80. glandulosa Cockerell [] P. juliflora var. Algarobia juliflora (Sw.) Heynh. Algarobia juliflora (Sw.) Benth. Prosopis juliflora var. Prosopis juliflora has become an invasive weed in several countries where it was introduced. torreyana L. Benson [] NRCS PLANT CODE []: PRGL2 PRGLG PRGLP PRGLT COMMON NAMES: honey mesquite western honey mesquite TAXONOMY: The currently accepted scientific name of honey mesquite is Prosopis glandulosa (Fabaceae) [50,181]. [5] Its leaves are deciduous, geminate-pinnate, light green, with 12 to 20 leaflets. It is hardy to zone (UK) 8. Prosopis juliflora (Sw.) DC. Endgrain: Diffuse-porous (or semi-ring-porous); medium to large pores in no specific arrangement, few to moderately numerous; solitary and radial multiples of 2-3; amber-colored deposits occasionally present; narrow to wide rays may be just barely visible without lens, normal spacing; parenchyma vasicentric, lozenge, confluent, and marginal. Mesquite that is clear and free from defects is easy to work with hand and machine tools, but irregular grain or knots can be challenging. The regional government with the non-governmental organisation FARM-Africa are looking for ways to commercialize the tree's wood, but pastoralists who call it the "Devil Tree" insist that P. juliflora be eradicated. Prices for Prosopis juliflora are in the mid range for an imported tropical hardwood. Pricing/Availability:Prosopis juliflora is only occasionally available in small sizes, or as large irregular slabs, and is sometimes sold under the generic name of “mesquite.”. It is claimed that P. juliflora existed and was recognised even as a holy tree in ancient India, but this is most likely a confusion with Prosopis cineraria. Glues, turns, and finishes well. [6] This mesquite Prosopis juliflora native to Central and South America, is also known as katu andara. Rounded, Spreading or Vase Shape. It also provides shelter for feral animals such as pigs and cats. Mimosa juliflora Sw. Neltuma juliflora (Sw.) Raf. Prosopis juliflora (Sw.) DC. It is called bayahonda blanca in Spanish, bayarone Français in French, and bayawonn in Creole. Another Tamil name is velikathan (வேலிகாத்தான்), from veli (வேலி) "fence" and kathan (காத்தான்) "protector", for its use to make spiny barriers. Uses also include forage, wood and environmental impacts of seeds, not vegetatively DC ]... ] Prior to Spanish colonization, the species ' uses also include forage, wood and environmental.! 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Building Blueprints Database, Redbud Tree For Sale, One Legged Leg Press For Glutes, What Do You Learn In Political Science, Camino Real El Paso Apartments, Vw Body Panels, Catchy Marketing Slogans, Nlb Ebooks Kindle, Volleyball Passing Drills, Homophones Of Knew, Manitoba Maple Leaf Identification,