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A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States. The fruit, maturing in autumn, is composed of many tiny winged seeds packed between the catkin bracts. The tree casts light shade on understory plants and has shallow roots. For the moth, see. Guild:  pioneer, dry or wet site tolerant, short lived, Functional Lifeform:  small deciduous tree. Although the grey birch exhibits a smooth, thin white bark which can easily be confused with that of the paper birch (Betula papyrifera), it does not readily exfoliate. In St. Louis, gray birch is best grown in medium to wet, well-drained, sandy or rocky loams in full sun to part shade. A good selection for poor soils and other difficult sites, it also demonstrates some resistance to bronze birch borer (BBB). Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites. Official websites use .gov An official website of the United States government. It also tolerates poor soils. This tree is noted for (1) its non-peeling chalky white bark with dark chevron trunk patches appearing below each branch base and (… The flowers are wind-pollinated catkins 5–8 cm long, the male catkins pendulous and the female catkins erect. Zones: 3-7. This plant has no children Legal Status. [1] The bark is chalky to grayish white with black triangular patches where branch meets trunk. Betula populifolia (gray or grey birch) is a deciduous tree native to eastern North America. MODFACsWhat traits will impact gray birch's ability to adapt to climate change, and in what way? It typically occurs in both dry and wet soils. : Dispersal Environment habitat specificity, Fire topkill Shade tolerance Insect pests Disease, Current Forest Inventory and Analysis under Current Conditions, Photos of gray birch in USDA Plants Database, DISTRIB-II: habitat suitability of eastern United States trees. It is native primarily from Southeastern Canada to Virginia, with a scattering of plants extending westward to Illinois. It is native to Japan where it is often found growing on slopes in woodlands. Harlow & Harrar's Textbook of Dendrology. They are dark green and glabrous above and paler below, with a coarsely serrated margin. Family: Betulaceae. Gray birch, also spelled Grey Birch, also called Oldfield Birch, Wire Birch, or Poplar-leaved Birch, ( Betula populifolia ), slender ornamental tree of the family Betulaceae, found in clusters on moist sites in northeastern North America. Threatened and Endangered Information: This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Common names are from state and federal lists. This tree develops rapidly, but it is short-lived and prone tostorm damage. Older trees develop a chalky white bark that does not peel. to Bronze Birch Borer." About gray birch. Range& Habitat:Gray Birch is a rare native tree inIllinois, whereit is found in the NE section of the state (see DistributionMap). Gray birch prefers sunlight and is shade intolerant. Rarely 12 m (40 feet) tall, it is covered almost to the ground with flexible branches that form a narrow, pyramidal crown. Hardin, James W., Donald Joseph Leopold, and Fred M. White. Somepopulations of Gray Birch in Illinois may be naturalized descendants ofcultivated trees. Gray birch is a narrow, pyramidal tree of cool climates. 25 Sept. 2013. IV with Range (Entire Range) IV with Range (Eastern USA & Canada) IV without Range (Eastern USA & Canada) Niche Maps. It most often appears in a multi-trunked form, but also grows with a single trunk. ) or https:// means you've safely connected to the .gov website. It prefers poor, dry upland soils, but is also found in moist mixed woodlands. Mature Height: commonly 20-30′ tall with fast growth rate. Betula populifolia, commonly called gray birch, is a short-lived, narrow-columnar, suckering, deciduous tree that typically grows to 20-40 tall. BioOne. Its model, of low reliability, shows a slight decrease in habitat (but still classed as 'No change'), and with a moderate adaptability and rare occurrence, we rate it with a poor capability to cope. "Grey birch" redirects here. You can view the previous gray birch page, or browse the previous Tree Atlas. Web. Living only about 30 years, it is a common pioneer species on abandoned fields and burned areas. Other common names:Gray Birch. It ranges from southeastern Ontario east to Nova Scotia, and south to Pennsylvania and New Jersey, with disjunct populations in Indiana, Virginia, and North Carolina. Betula grossa, or Japanese Cherry Birch, is a conical-shaped tree with cherry-like bark that turn dark grey. Between about 1930 and 1950, many gray birch trees, along with paper birch and yellow birch (Betula alleghaniensis), were affected and killed by birch dieback disease.[3]. Print. Secure .gov websites use HTTPS It is not tolerant of flooding of any long duration. Like other North American birches, gray birch is highly resistant to the bronze birch borer (Agrilus anxius). Click on a place name to get a complete protected plant list for that location. LockA locked padlock Latin: Betula populifolia. University of Florida Environmental Horticulture, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Betula_populifolia&oldid=945753781, Trees of the Great Lakes region (North America), Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 15 March 2020, at 22:49. The tree often has multiple trunks branching off of an old stump. Gray birch is narrowly distributed (1.4% of area), sparse, low IV species largely confined to New England. Gray birch has been commonly planted as a landscaping tree in southern Pennsylvania and New Jersey as it tolerates heat and humidity better than paper birch and is more resistant to bronze birch borers and leaf miners. It seems to tolerate drier soils in its native range. The wood is medium hard and is used for high grade plywood, furniture, drum shells, spools and firewood. It is most easily confused for the paper birch (Betula papyrifera) by means of its bark; it is smooth and thin but does not readily exfoliate like paper birch does. Like other North American birches, gray birch is native primarily from Southeastern Canada to Virginia, with irregular... Federal government or a state American birches, gray birch, is a deciduous tree that gray birch range... Chalky white bark that does not peel the gray birch is highly resistant to the bronze borer! Climate change, and Fred M. white is often found growing on slopes in woodlands birches ( betula.... 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