Psychiatrists provide treatments using a combination of both physical treatments (medicines) or psychological treatments (therapy), and social treatments. You might call them cosmetic surgeons. Gastroenterologists Sleep Medicine Specialists WebMD does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. ", American College of Physicians: "Internal Medicine vs. Family Medicine. ND helps to facilitate the body’s natural healing abilities to restore the balance. For kids, there are pediatric nephrologists, who only treat children. All rights reserved. Youâll likely visit them or your family doctor first for any condition. Good work! Their job is to save lives and to avoid or lower the chances of disability. Doctors of osteopathic medicine (DO) are fully licensed medical doctors just like MDs. As their name suggests, gastroenterologists are medical professionals focused on the diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the gastrointestinal (digestive system) tract which include the stomach, small and large intestines, pancreas, and liver. Reproductive Endocrinologist treats both women and men with infertility issues. These medical examiners review the autopsy reports to assess the exact cause of the death other than natural causes such as sudden and unexpected deaths. The primary focus of Ayurveda is to promote the well-being as a whole. Physiatrists In fact, there are several hundred medical specialties and subspecialties. They find and treat causes behind your poor sleep. im really grateful. Indeed, whether they do work in their own clinics, in public hospitals, or even in communities, doctors aim to help keep people to the best of their well-being. There are many different types of a psychiatrist: A pulmonologist is a medical professional whose expertise falls on pulmonary (lungs) and other respiratory tract illnesses and diseases. ", American Board of Pathology: "Pathology. But some of them may focus on women's reproductive health (gynecologists), and others specialize in caring for pregnant women (obstetricians). Commonly abbreviated as OB/GYN, an obstetrician/gynecologist is a combination of two doctors rolled into one. An ayurvedic doctor or practitioner is the one who studied the principles of Ayurveda and able to identify the doshas (life forces – Vata, Pitta, and Kapha) and prescribe herbal medicines accordingly. A perinatologist is a specialized doctor concerned with the care of the fetus and complicated, high-risk pregnancies. Internists usually have sub-branches in diseases concerning particular organs or organ systems. Coming from the Greek word “onkos” which means “tumor” or “mass“, oncology is the branch of science that deals with cancers.Hence, oncologists are medical doctors who specialize in the diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of cancer. They can prescribe glasses or contact lenses and diagnose and treat diseases like glaucoma. Vascular surgeons are medical physicians who specialize in the diagnosis, medical management, and surgical treatment of diseases with the blood vessels (vascular diseases). How to become an Internal Medicine Specialist? They also can do reconstructive and plastic surgery on your head and neck. In treating these patients, physiatrists lead a group of physical, occupational, recreational and speech therapists, nurses, psychologists (for counseling), and other social workers to help with the faster recovery. If you’re thinking of becoming a doctor, you should understand more about the different types of doctors in the medical profession. In general, a physician specialized in this field is a pediatrician and an internist combined into one. They can diagnose and treat depression, schizophrenia, substance abuse, anxiety disorders, and sexual and gender identity issues. Urologists are doctors who specialized in the diagnosis and treatment of disorders that affect the male and female urinary tract. ", American Board of Surgery: "Surgery (General Surgery). These specialists in physical medicine and rehabilitation treat neck or back pain and sports or spinal cord injuries as well as other disabilities caused by accidents or diseases. The term podiatry came into existence only in the last century in the USA and now it is widely used in UK and Australia. They treat immune system disorders such as asthma, eczema, food allergies, insect sting allergies, and some autoimmune diseases. A forensic pathologist is a medical doctor who performs autopsies to find the cause of death when the crime is involved in the scene. A naturopathic doctor (ND) is very much similar to Ayurveda and Homeopathy doctor who focuses on the holistic healing system. Although they also deal with the diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the nervous system like what neurologists do, neurosurgeons are licensed to operate and perform surgeries on the patient’s brain. Orthopedic surgeons (aka Orthopedist) are doctors specially trained to diagnose, treat, and operate patients with diseases and injuries of the musculoskeletal system (which includes the muscles, broken bones, ligaments, tendons, and the nerves). The main difference between geriatrics, the care of aged people, and gerontology, which is the study of the aging process itself. Here is the list of alternative types of doctors (non-medical) or health-care professionals who diagnose and treat diseases. Thanks. Very helpful. 34. An osteopath can prescribe osteopathic manipulative medications and focus on stretching, massaging, and moving the musculoskeletal system to reduce pain and improve mobility, circulation of blood and lymphatic fluids. They do routine checkups and screening tests, give you flu and immunization shots, and manage diabetes and other ongoing medical conditions. Also, OM specialists involve in other disciplines such as prevention of illness (such as flu by administering the flu-shots), injury, and disability at the workplace. Do you have moles, scars, acne, or skin allergies? An endocrinologist is a medical doctor under the category of internal medicine, who studies the diseases that affect the endocrine system which is responsible for secreting and regulating the body’s hormone levels. Untreated may lead to alveolar bone loss and tooth loss. How to become an Otolaryngologist (aka ENT doctor)? Interestingly, unlike gynecology, which requires plenty of medical board certification programs worldwide, andrology has no such requirements. Thank you for the great article and exhaustive list. Before (most) surgeries anesthesia is given to either relieve the pain or put them to sleep in the course of the operation. Hi It was a good information about doctors and specialist. Hematologists Unlike regular neurologists or neurosurgeons, chiropractors treat patients through manual manipulation and adjustment of the spine. An obstetrician is a doctor trained in managing pregnancy, labor, and childbirth. These doctors give you drugs to numb your pain or to put you under during surgery, childbirth, or other procedures. In some parts of the world, vascular surgery also includes dialysis access surgery and transplant surgery. Osteopath strives to improve people’s overall health and wellness by treating the whole person rather than a condition or disease they may have. thanks, very useful tag for information thank you web. With your medical degree you can move into podiatry services or surgery; become a general practitioner or an allergist. Anaesthesiologists play a major decisive role in pain management. HIERARCHY OF DOCTORS Doctors-in-training. Preventive Medicine Specialists OM physicians work to make sure that the highest standards of occupational health and safety are accomplished and kept in the workplace. These are specialists in the nervous system, which includes the brain, spinal cord, and nerves. what a candid information. Thanks for the information . Hats off !!! In the bulk of cases, the spinal cord damage is a direct result of physical trauma which includes car accidents, gunshot wounds, falls, or sports-related injuries. 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